A guide to vitamins and minerals in pregnancy
A healthy diet is a vital part of a healthy lifestyle at any time, however it is particularly important if you're pregnant.
A healthy diet is a vital part of a healthy lifestyle at any
time, however it is particularly important if you're pregnant.
During pregnancy it is essential that your diet provides sufficient
energy and nutrients for your baby's development and for your body
to cope with the changes taking place.
This is why pregnant women are advised to enjoy a varied diet.
It is thought that a wide selection of foods will help you to get
most of the vitamins and minerals you need. This quick guide
provides an overview of those vitamins and minerals that are
||Calcium helps develop strong bones and
teeth and is extremely important throughout pregnancy, particularly
in the later stages, when your baby's bones are hardening.
||Iron is needed for the formation of red blood
cells and pregnant women need more to supply their growing fetus
and placenta. Zinc boosts your baby's natural immune defences and
aids their healthy growth.
||B vitamins are needed during pregnancy to help
your body get the extra energy it needs from the food in your diet.
As well as Folate, these B vitamins include thiamin (B1),
riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), and B12 (cobalamin).
||Thiamin works with other B-group vitamins to break
down and release energy from starchy foods. It helps keep nerves
and muscle tissue healthy.
||Riboflavin helps enzymes function and release
energy. You need extra energy during pregnancy.
||Vitamin B6 encourages the release of energy from
proteins to help maintain hormonal balance.
||Vitamin B12 is important for the growth and
development of your baby. It also promotes healthy blood to help
prevent you from developing anaemia.
||Folic acid, or folate, is a type of B vitamin that
helps your baby's spine develop properly.
||Pregnant women need extra vitamin C from their
diet It's vital for healthy gums, blood and skin for you and your
Vitamin A is vital for the healthy development of your baby's
eyes and nerves. It also helps strengthen immunity and maintain
healthy skin. However, too much Vitamin A could harm your baby,
therefore we recommend that you consult your GP or midwife for more
It is important for pregnant women to seek nutritional advice
from their GP or midwife about their vitamin and mineral
requirements before and during pregnancy, as well as the types of
foods which are good sources of these substances.
NHS Pregnancy and Baby Guide
FSA Healthy Eating: Eating while you are
YOU MIGHT ALSO WANT TO...
To be the first to hear about our latest offers, competitions and news, sign up here: